‘Seun Ibukun-Oni, Abuja
DAILY COURIER – The Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) has made it to the top 10 deadliest terrorist organisations in the world in 2022 according to 2022 Global Terrorism Index (GTI) report.
Islamic State of West Africa (ISWA) and Boko Haram also made it to the top 10 deadliest terrorist organisations in the world in 2022, ranking six and seven respectively.
Meanwhile, the Centre for Fiscal Transparency and Integrity Watch (CeFTIW) has called for enhanced stakeholders’ actions to stem the rising terrorism and crimes following the release of the 2022 Global Terrorism Index (GTI) report.
The index developed by the Institute for Economics & Peace (IEP) using data from Terrorism Tracker and other sources indicated a beehive of terrorism activities in the Sahel region of sub-Saharan Africa, now seen as the epicenter of terrorism.
Mr Victor Agi, the CeFTIW Public Relations Officer, in a press statement on Friday noted that the situation in the sub-Saharan Africa needs urgent attention to forestall further escalation.
Agi said that escalation could descend to a state of statelessness in the worst affected countries.
Citing the report of the GTI, Agi said: “with 8.065 per cent score, Nigeria is now the eighth most terrorised country in the world.
He said this was as the bordering countries to Nigeria from the north, east and west have also increasingly become notorious for terrorism, with Niger ranking 10th with 7.616 per cent.
Agi noted that Cameroon and Chad took 11th (7.347 per cent) and 19th (6.168 per cent) positions respectively; and Benin 28th position (4.840 per cent).
“Only Guinea to the east is safe as per the recently released index which analysed the impact of terrorism across nations and covers 99.7 per cent of the total world’s population,” he said.
Agi, therefore, called for an intergovernmental collaboration in order to address the rising cases of terrorism which he said had assumed a transnational dimension like every other organised crime.
“This empirical insight into terrorism activities means that countries in the region must, as a matter of necessity come together and proffer practical solutions that will address the aforementioned factors that continue to fuel terrorism.
“The situation in the tri-border area of Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger needs to be swiftly subdued for the security of civilians and state security actors,” Agi said.
He called on the Nigerian government to strengthen the implementation of legal framework, especially the Terrorism (Prevention and Prohibition) Act which President Muhammad Buhari signed into law, in May 2022.
“For instance, Part X (Section 63-75) provide measures for investigating and prosecuting of terrorism offences; we are therefore calling for an aggressive implementation of the law.
“Although Nigeria’s 2022 ranking was considered an improvement in comparison with 2021, as it drops by two places, increasing terrorism activities in the Sahel region calls for concern.
“Sahel region is accounting for more terrorism deaths in 2022 than both South Asia and the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) combined.
“Terrorism-related death in the region accounted for 43 per cent of the global figure, and a seven percent increase from 2021,” Agi said.
He urged regional leaders to tackle complex and systemic underlying issues of weak governance, ethnic polarisation, ecological insecurity, abuses by state security, pastoral conflict, political instability and transnational crime.
Agi also called on leaders to tackle food insecurity, the growth of transnational and geopolitical competition which were identified as causative factors to the rise of terrorism in the region.